Determine the oxidation number of the highlighted atom in the following structure:
AnswerThe sum of the oxidation numbers of all of the atoms in a neutral compound is 0. Oxidation state of , (-1 in peroxide)
Oxidation state of (-1 in metalic hydride) is more electronegative than , so posses negative and H posses positive oxidation state. on a whole has oxidation state =0 The 1,2, and 3 C has 3 hydrogens therefore these C has oxidation state . is electronegative than , thus O is negative and C is positive. on a whole has oxidation state = 0 The C has and 1 therefore the oxidation state of
To determine the oxidation states in organic compounds we need to analyze every bond of carbon as it tend to be different for each C of molecule according to the nearby more electron negative O or H atoms.