What is the difference? I am a recent convert to the game of baseball, and I’m trying to learn all the rules. Please give as much detail as you can. Also, what is the infield fly rule. Thanks ahead of time.
More on unearned runs. Say there’s two outs and nobody on base. The next batter gets on by an error. The team up to bat then hits 4 homers in a row. In this case all 5 runs would be unearned because the pitcher should have been out of the inning if not for the error.
Now if there was only 1 out when all of this happened only 1 run would be unearned (the error) and 4 would be earned (the home runs).
An INFIELD FLY is a fair fly ball (not including a line drive nor an attempted bunt) which can be caught by an infielder with ordinary effort, when first and second, or first, second and third bases are occupied, before two are out. The pitcher, catcher and any outfielder who stations himself in the infield on the play shall be considered infielders for the purpose of this rule. When it seems apparent that a batted ball will be an Infield Fly, the umpire shall immediately declare “Infield Fly” for the benefit of the runners. If the ball is near the baselines, the umpire shall declare “Infield Fly, if Fair.” The ball is alive and runners may advance at the risk of the ball being caught, or retouch and advance after the ball is touched, the same as on any fly ball. If the hit becomes a foul ball, it is treated the same as any foul. If a declared Infield Fly is allowed to fall untouched to the ground, and bounces foul before passing first or third base, it is a foul ball. If a declared Infield Fly falls untouched to the ground outside the baseline, and bounces fair before passing first or third base, it is an Infield Fly. On the infield fly rule the umpire is to rule whether the ball could ordinarily have been handled by an infielder_not by some arbitrary limitation such as the grass, or the base lines. The umpire must rule also that a ball is an infield fly, even if handled by an outfielder, if, in the umpire’s judgment, the ball could have been as easily handled by an infielder. The infield fly is in no sense to be considered an appeal play. The umpire’s judgment must govern, and the decision should be made immediately. When an infield fly rule is called, runners may advance at their own risk. If on an infield fly rule, the infielder intentionally drops a fair ball, the ball remains in play despite the provisions of Rule 6.05 (L). The infield fly rule takes precedence.
Infield fly rule:
If the ball is hit in the air, but inside the infield with a force out at 3rd base, the batter is out.
An Earned run is a run that the batting team scores without assistance from teh defense. i.e. a batter is walked (or singles without an error), then advances to 2nd, 3rd, and home plate without any defensive errors.
An unearned run is any run that is not wholly the pitcher’s fault. For instance, if the ball is overthrown on a play (throwing error) and the runner scores during the inning or a fielder bobbles a catch and commits a fielding error, allowing a runner to advance, then the runner scores, it is an unearned run, and does not count against the pitcher in his personal stats.
An unearned run is a runner that scores who got on base because of a missed play in the field. A great rule of thumb for errors is if the player touches the ball without getting it, it is an error. This will not always be true but you will learn in time which are errors and which are hits. The infield fly rule is when there is less than 2 outs and a player hits a popup in fair territory in the infield, the batter is automatically out, whether they catch the ball in the air or not
everything is an earned run unless it is because of an error. if someone reaches base on a botched play and eventually score, that run is considered unearned.
the infield fly rule keeps fielders from purposely letting the ball drop the get extra men out. if there is a man on first and seconc with no outs. and a player hits a fly ball to the second baseman, the baserunners are going to hold up. now if the second baseman “misses” the ball, everyone has to run and its a super easy double play. the infield fly rule keeps that from happeing
A run is unearned if:
– a batter reaches base on an error and later scores
– a baserunner advances on an error and later scores, but would not have been able to score on the subsequent play(s) if he had not advanced
– it is scored after the third out should have been recorded
Basically you have to reconstruct the inning and figure out who would have scored and who wouldn’t if there had been no errors (or passed balls)
I have a question about about how many of the 3 runs are earned in this situation:
single, popout to 1st, single, runners at 1st and 2nd, 1 out. Double down line, runner on 2nd scores and the relay throw is wide and bounces away from 3rd baseman, the 3rd baseman retrieves ball, slips before throwing, double clutches on throw home and runner scores just under tag. The batter who doubled goes to 3rd on throw home with no throw back to 3rd because no one was covering 3rd base. Next batter walks and steals 2nd. Groundout to ss and runner at 3rd scores, groundout to 2nd to end inning.
All are unearned unless there is a pitching change. Things can reset for the reliever in a situation like this.
a home run and the runner that got on base via error