26.23) 1.Find the current in the 3.00 resistor. (Note that three currents are given.)

## Answer

## General guidance

Ohm’s law states that current between two points in a circuit is proportional to the potential difference between the points. The constant of proportionality is called the resistance. Here, is the potential difference, is the current andis the resistance. Kirchhoff’s circuit laws for current and voltage are applied in electrical circuits. Kirchhoff’s current law states that the total current entering a nod is equal to the total current leaving the node. Kirchhoff’s voltage law states that the total voltage around a closed loop is zero.

## Step-by-step

### Step 1 of 4

**(26.23.1)**
The below figure shows the direction of current flowing through the circuit.
The current in the lineand in the linecombine and flow together through the lineas current.
So, the current in the lineis given by
Here, is the current in the lineandis the current in the line.
Substituteforandforto find the current.

The current in the is

The current through theresistor is the sum of the current through theresistor and through theresistor.

### Step 2 of 4

**(26.23.2.1)**
Applying Kirchhoff’s voltage law in loop,
Substituteforto find the emf.
So, the emfis

The emfis

According to Kirchhoff’s second law, the voltage at a closed loop is zero. Applying this law in the loop, the emfis the sum of the products of the current and resistor in wire and the current and resistor in wire.

### Step 3 of 4

**(26.23.2.2)**
Applying Kirchhoff’s voltage law in loop,
Substituteforto find the emf.
So, the emfis

The emfis

Applying Kirchhoff’s second law in the loop, the emfis the sum of the products of the current and resistor in wire and the current and resistor in wire.

### Step 4 of 4

**(26.23.3)**
Applying Kirchhoff’s voltage law in loop,
Substituteforand forto find the resistance.

The resistanceis.

Applying Kirchhoff’s second law in the loop, the resistanceis the sum emfsand.

### Answer

The current in the is

The emfis

The emfis

The resistanceis.

### Answer only

The current in the is

The emfis

The emfis

The resistanceis.