Gorbachev pursued glasnost and perestroika reforms in part because
A. the war in Afghanistan had drained the nation's resources
B. the Soviet Union had already demonstrated superior nuclear capability
C. food surpluses and production increases created stable economic conditions
D. Russia revolutionaries staged a coup to overthrow the communist government
it is A. hope this helps
A.the war in Afghanistan had drained the nation’s resources
The war caused political instability, especially in the areas belonging to the Soviet Union in Asia that was bordering with Afghan territories. It amounted to a huge economic effort that drained resources needed to boost other areas that needed urgent reforms. Some major industrial sectors needed urgent reforms in order to continue competing in the ever globalized world.
The great amount of economic and human losses gave a bad international image of the USSR. It is often compared to the Vietnam initiative by the US.
Mijael Gorbachev publicly acknowledged to the world that the war in Afghanistan was a mistake. He initiated the Perestroika and the Glasnost in order to try to adapt to the challenges and increase the productivity and competitivity that had rendered many sectors, energetic, etc outdated.
The correct answer is A) the Soviet economy could not keep up with the arms race.
Gorbachev pursued Glasnost and Perestroika reforms because the Soviet economy could not keep up with the arms race.
There were other important reasons that made Gorbachev establish Glasnost and Perestroika reforms. The economic situation was no good in the Soviet Union. The nation had the risk of rebellions and uprisings due to the inadequate living standards of the citizens. So with Perestroika, Gorbachev authorized reforms to the economy that benefited international trade and foreign investment. With Glasnost, Gorcahved allowed freedom of speech, transparency and the respect of human rights.
the war in Afghanistan had drained the nation's resources
Mikhail Gorbachev is often seen as the person responsible for the breaking up of the Soviet Union, and to some point that is true. The Soviet economy started to stagnate during the 1970's, and one reason for that was that the economy was drained because of the war in Afghanistan. In order to try and boost the economy, Gorbachev decided to make some reforms, most noticeably the Glasnost and Perestroika reforms. Instead of boosting the economy, these reforms actually gave the platform and freedom for the Soviet states to break apart from the Soviet Union, and so it happened at the beginning of the 1990's.