and why it is called Tarak Mantra ? what is meaning of Tarak
Taraka is indeed protecting thing. Ram naam is called Tarak Naam. You need not actually say Tarak Manthra which would be redundant, as both words mean same thing (a manthra also means one which protects – Mananaath Thraayathe ithi manthraha). So it is usuallyy said as Taraka Naam only.
As Crimson Eyed buddy says, Tharana means to cross (like “samudra taranam” appearing in the Hanuman sloka). But here it is thaaraka, taking a different meaning, albeit to convey the same thing differently.
There is another significance to this Ram naam: it consists of the beeja akshara’s of two great mantra’s – Namo Narayanaya & Namasivaya.
If you take away “Ra” from Narayanaya, it becomes Na-yanaya = no Narayan (cf: Ayan and Haran mean Narayan and Sivan) while removal of “Ma” from Namasivaya would mean Na-sivaya (No Sivam) which are inauspicious sans God. So these two important letters are called Beeja’s
As Ram naam consists of the two key letters of two great manthra’s it is considered as very powerful (I think St Thyagaraja has also sung of this).
A friend also had recalled how it is acclaimed by Lord Siva himself as equal to 1000 names.. In tradition, 1000 means many more / endless / all / etc. So the great Naam is to be considered as equal to all the Divine Names.
Sri Sathya Sai Baba says that Ram naam is found in the Vedas itself even before Ram took his advent. So it is a vedic name assigned to the advent, for making people recite it keeping a compassionate form to dwell on!
Manthra Pushpam It is customary to recite Manthra Pushpam, or a short version of it, at the conclusion of all major prayer rituals in the Temples and at home pooja functions. Often we offer flowers to the Deities at this time making some people to think that this is something to do with the flowers [pushpam]. The verses of Manthra pushpam is given in Yajurveda. It is actually a recitation about the origin and evolution of the natural forces like water, air, fire, earth, Sun and the stars and not just praising God. Yopãm Pushpam Vedha – Pushpavãn Prajaavãn Pasumãn B’havathi Chandramãpã vã Apãm Pusham – Pushpavãn Prajaavãn Pasumãn B’havathi Ya Ye’vam Vedha – Yopaam-aayathanam Vedha – Aayatha-navaan Bhavathi 1 Agnirvaa Aapaam-aayathanam – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Yo Aghneraam-aayathanam Vedha – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Aapovai Agner-aayathanam – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Ya Yevam Veda – Yopaam-aayathanam Vedha – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi 2 Vaayorvaa Apaam-aayathanam – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Yo Vaayor-aayathanam vedha – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Aapovai Vaayor-aayathanam – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Ya Evam Vedha – Yopaam-aayathanam Vedha – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi 3 Asovvaitha pannapaam-aayathanam – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Yo Mushyathapa -thaayathanam Vedha – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Aapovai Amushyathapa -thaayathanam – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Ya Evam Vedha – Yopaam-aayathanam Vedha – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi 4 Chandramaavaa Apaam-aayathanam – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Yach Chandramasa Aayathanam vedha – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Aapovai Chandramasa Aayathanam – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Ya Evam Vedha – Yopaamaayathanam Vedha – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi 5 Nakshathraanivaa Apaam-aayathanam – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Yo Nakshathraanaa Apaam-aayathanam – Vedha Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Aapovai Nakshathraanaa Aayathanam – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Ya Evam Vedha – Yopaam-aayathanam Vedha – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi 6 Parjanyovaa Apaam-aayathanam – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Yaf: Parjanyasy-aayathanam Vedha – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Aapovai Parjanyasy-aayathanam – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Ya Evam Vedha – Yopaam-aayathanam Vedha – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi 7 Samvathsarovaa Apaam-aayathanam – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Yas Samvathsars Yaayathanam Vedha – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Aapovai Samvathsars Yaayathanam – Aayatha-navaan B’havathi Ya Evam Vedha – Yopsu Naavam Prati Thishti tham Vedha – Prathyathi thishtathi 8 The meaning of the verse is as follows: The world is all made of water and is the basic of everything and is worthy of our prayers. As water is cool so also the moon is cool like a flower of the water. He who understands this gets all prosperity [with progeny and cattle]. Fire is also a producer of this water and the air is a producer of the fire. As the sea water raises as vapor to the clouds and falls as rain to give us the warmth and prosperity, the Sun is related to the water. As we see the star [through astrological position] which determines the rain and prosperity, we see the relation of stars for all this prosperity through water. Each year, as we get the rainy season to get our rains, the year around seasons get importance. On this water the world revolves around like a boat sailing in the ocean and he who understands this gets all the prosperity.
“There are two powerful ‘Taraka Namas’. One is Aum and another is Rama. All mantras have to be prefixed with Aum for obtaining the benefits of those mantras, whereas there is no need to prefix Aum when the name ‘Rama’ is recited because the name itself is ‘Tarka Namam’ ” It is said “aakarah vishnu vasaha” that is to say in aakara resides Vishnu. In Aum, aakara leads and in Rama he resides. Lord Parameshwara says that by chanting Rama nama thrice one can obtain the benefit of having chanted the thousand names of Lord Vishnu i.e., Vishnu Sahasranamam. Such is the greatness of this Rama nama.
Hi buddy, do you mean Thaarak manthra? Thaarana is “protecting” Does not Princess Droupadi cry “thraahi thraahi…” while she was in distress?
Usually Ram manthra is called as “thaaraka manthraa” since Sri Ram had vouched to protect whoever surrendered to HIm (Vibeeshana Saranagathi episode). This is called the important or Sarama Sloka, just like Sri Krishns’s assurance in the Geetha to absolve one of all sins and give moksha if he surrendered to HIM leaving all his duties (sarva dharmaan parithyajya…).
But this is also considered as a universal assurance for all forms of Godhood, like Siva or Sakthi or Subrammanya naam as per several hymns by Acharya’s devoted to various Deities.
Sri Rama Namam is Taraka Mantram. It is so called because it helps us to cross the samsara sagara or the ocean of continous birth and death. It comes from the root word Tara which means savior.
That takes us across the ocean of this world(Bhav Sagara) where we can step on the shore of liberation, is Taraka. Every Mantra is a Taraka mantra if you use it with this intention.
ramram is tarak mantra.one mantra which frees from bondage is tarak mantra
it is believed that if some one dies in kashi(vanaras),LORD SHIVA enchants. the tarak mantra into the ear of the man who dies.
I think it is Jai Shri Ram ?
I wait for answers