How did geography contribute to greece’s development as a group of individual city-states?

How did geography contribute to greece's development as a group of individual city-states?


The rugged mountains and numerous bays divided Greece into small isolated regions.


In ancient Greece, the geography of the area, covered by mountains and valleys, led to the construction of various communities inside every valley and its encompassing mountains. In the Archaic Period, those communities would grow into independent city-states, denominated polis. Given that transportation connecting the city-states was challenging, each community developed its own currency, administration and way of government.

Greece did not allow for unification of the land because of mounts and seas so communication was difficult and so they created city-states. The rugged mountains and numerous bays divided the Greece into small isolated region.


Greece has almost 1400 islands and its rugged and mountainous terrain did not allow the land to be flat which made it isolated and hence city states got formed. general  terrain is mountainous. Greece is located in the southeast of Europe and along the shores of Mediterranean sea. the mountains, sea and islets caused to be the natural barrier between  Greek city states. The largest mountain inn Greece is Mount Olympus.

Greeks called their land 'Hellas' and Greece is the word which comes from the Roman  word 'Graecia'. Under the rule of Alexander the great, the Greek empire expanded. Pindus mountain range is referred to be the spine of Greece.

The ancient civilization of Greece was located in southeastern Europe along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Its geography was full of mountains; in fact, around 80% of the Greek mainland is mountainous.  

Such mountainous geography, along with seas and islands, contributed to Greece's development as a group of individual city-states since these mountains and seas formed natural barriers between the Greek city-states, making it difficult to make long journeys by land and forcing the Greeks to settle along the coast.

Because of the geography of Greece, it was difficult to form bigger cities, so they tended to form smaller, more localized government systems. 
The split up is dreaning earth quites and sliden underground movements of state and cities make the separation for both city and state also leave some space for also building dirt roads to be able to get from City to state
 The rugged mountains and numerous bays divided Greece into small.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Posts