How is the light-independent portion of photosynthesis fueled?

How is the light-independent portion of photosynthesis fueled?


 the answer is... Fluid portion of the chloroplast; outside of the thyroids ... Calvin cycle/light independent: no light is required, is fueled by high energy molecules

ATP, NADPH, and oxygen

Light Reactions


At the end of the light dependent portion of photosynthesis you got 02 that is been free from water, ATP which is formed at the  thylakoid membrane and NADPH.



Answer is chloroplast

The answers are ATP, NADPH+ and Oxygen.


The light reaction of photosynthesis is the reaction where there is utilization of light and preparation of the raw materials and useful materials i.e. ATPs and NADPH+ molecules that will supply energy in the dark reaction.

This light reaction uses sun’s energy i.e. Photons to bring a split into the water molecule. This molecular split results into the production of elemental oxygen which evolves as gas, and the nascent hydrogen atoms which are taken up by NADP+ molecules forming NADPH molecules.

ATP, NADPH, and oxygen are formed products of the light-dependent portion. The independent part would produce things like glucose or lowered amounts of energy and NADP, much lower.
During the light dependent portion of photosynthesis, the energy found in photons is converted/transferred to ATP, NADPH and PEP. The process of photosynthesis in plants involves a series of steps and reactions that use solar energy, water, and carbon dioxide to produce organic compounds and oxygen. In the energy transduction reactions, solar energy is converted into chemical energy in the form of two energy transporting molecules, ATP and NADPH.

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