How was the antebellum two party system different from the gilded age two party system?

How was the antebellum two party system different from the gilded age two party system?


The two-party system has been present in America for decades, and it has become one of the most prominent features of our political system. However, it has also undergone significant changes.

During the Antebellum period, the two dominant parties (Republicans and Democrats) were divided over the issue of slavery. The Republican Party was created in the late 1840s and early 1850s, and they held mostly abolitionist views. On the other hand, the Democrats consisted mostly of Southerners and rural Westerners, and they were, for the most part, pro-slavery.

During the Gilded Age, the most pressing issue was that of modernization. The Democratic Party incorporated much of the platform of the Populist Party, which tried to challenge big businesses. However, the Republicans dominated the political system between 1896 and 1932.

During Glided age, the two parties that existed were having an intense competition while during the antebellum era the parties were having a difference in their Ideologies.

Further Explanations:

Antebellum era and the gilded age are of the same eon but are totally different from each other. Glided age refers to the era in the United States marked by the economic evolution in the Northern and the Western areas of America. Rapid extension of Industries and influx of abundant immigrants was also observed during the era while the antebellum era refers to the era after the war that is marked by the nation’s expansion and economic reforms.

Two parties of the antebellum era are:

The Whig party: The parties supported the ideology of sovereignty and were in favor of people resenting British Control. The Democratic Party: The party favored a strong central government and a strong conciliatory policy Great Britain.

Two parties of Glided era were:

The Republican Party: the party favored inflationary and protectionist policies  The Democrats: They were in favor of hard money and were also in support of free trade  

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Answer Details

Grade: High school

Subject: US History

Chapter: Two-Party Systems


Antebellum era, gilded age, United States, economic, evolution, Northern, Western, Whig party, Democratic Party, Republican Party, The Democrats

Antebellum Era:

The Antebellum Era was a period in the history of the United Stated. It was heavily marked by the economic growth of the South. It comprehends the period between 1783 to 1861 aproximately. The 'two party' political system in this era consisted of two parties: The Whig Party, and the Democratic Party.

The Whig Party was heavily influenced by people who resented the British control, favored the independence from Britain, and supported the Revolutionary war as well. Once the colonies won their independence, this term fell into disuse. The Democratic Party goes back to the collaboration between Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. It was a fateful alliance between Virginia and New York, between th planters of the South with the farmers of the West, and workers from the East as well. It favored a strong central government, debt, credit, banking, and trade policies to further commercial interests, and a expanded military and naval budget. A strong conciliatory policy towards Great Britain. Gilded Age:

The Gilded Age was a period that took place approximately between 1876 and 1900. Congress at this time was known for being very inefficient, rowdy, and less preoccupied. The two main parties during these times were the Republicans and the Democrats.

The Republican Party was mainly based in the North of the US, and it favored inflationary and heavy protectionist policies.The Democrats, were mostly people who favored hard money, they supported free trade and many other free market policies as well. This party had it's base among Catholics, and poorer farmers.

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