In which muscles is overactivity or tightness common for individuals who regularly wear high heels?

In which muscles is overactivity or tightness common for individuals who regularly wear high heels?


Gastrocnemius, soleus, and Achilles tendon


The heel cord or achilles tendon is also known as calcaneal tendon is found at the back of the leg and is known to be the thickest bone in the human body.

It is attached to the plantaris, calf muscles (gastrocnemius) and soleus muscles. A person who wears heels regularly for a longer period of time suffers from pain and inflammation in muscles of leg.

These muscles helps in the walking and other movements of the legs. Wearing heals and walking is quite painful.

- Disorders can be treated with psychotherapy and also with medicine.

- The possitive effects of using central nervous system stimulants such as Ritalin, are:

A. They decrease distractibility and overactivity.

D. They increase attention and ability to concentrate.


Ritalin is a medicine that is sometimes recomended for treating ADHD, as a stimulants for the nervous system, it can help kids concentrate and be able to focus in particualr activities. Kids or adolescents that suffer from this disorder find it hard to concentrate, and to control their impulsivity or constant need to move. This help kids performance better at school, because it decreases overactivity and for instance also distracatibility and help them be seated and concentrate in school activities.

A - Lithium.


Given the symptoms of Edith, who alternates between extreme sadness and extreme euphoria, maybe caused by a bipolar disorder or Dissociative identity disorder (DID), would be most beneficiated by lithium, which is used to treat manic episodes such as manic depression, bipolar disorder, or manic symptoms such as mood swings, aggression or anger, etc. This drug helps reduce the frequency of this episodes.

A) Pathologize the Over-activity of young children


Disruptive moods and dis-regulation disorder is a childhood disorder with the symptoms irritability, anger, frequently disrupt temper outbursts. It is a serious clinical condition in which a child needs treatment. It is not clear cut that it is common among the general population but it is child developmental and behavioral disorder. It is a pediatric disorder among young children. Disruptive mood all day. Disturbance in functioning due to anger outburst. A child needs a child psychologist who can help him/her. Child get impaired their daily life quality and performance in the school. Disturbances in family relationships leads to anxiety and depression.

answer: to get better health.


b. overactivity


Neuroscience research shows the age related differences in the prefrontal cortex. In young adults this area depend on the extend of retrieval task which requires relation to be formed among information. Older adults show high level of activity in this area as a compensatory strategy for less extensive network. During encoding, the prefrontal cortex of older adults show overactivity indicating the usual pattern of compensatory processes with age.

Being over-enthusiastic and crossing the line always get you in trouble even if you’re using the best LinkedIn automation tool in the world.  

When you try to hit the jackpot over the night and send thousands of connection requests in 24 hours, LinkedIn will know you’re using bots or tools and they will block you, temporarily or permanently.    

This is clearly against the rules of LinkedIn. It cracks down against all spammers because spamming is a big ‘NO’ on LinkedIn.    

What people do is that they send thousands of connection requests and that too with the same old spammy templates, “I see we have many common connections, I’d like to add you to my network.”    

It will only create spam.    

The LinkedIn algorithm is very advanced and it can easily detect that you’re using a bot or LinkedIn automation tool and you’ll be called out on it.

Gastrocnemius overwork will do a lateral movement of the feet. So the foot will show external rotation.

Option A


Gastrocnemius is the primary muscle associated with the flexion of the lower leg i.e fibula. It has two heads originating from the two sides of posterior surfaces of femur just behind knee. The lateral head of gastrocnemius originates from the lateral side of posterior knee.

A overworking lateral head will pull the muscle fibers more. This will in turn pull the insertion point of gastrocnemius which is ankle. A pull from the lateral side will pull the ankle and thereby foot to the lateral side.

Option C


Complete question

The epiphyseal plate

a.  provides support to long bones.

b. prevents overactivity of osteoblasts.

c. allows for continued bone lengthening during maturation.

d. has an unknown function


In case of embryo skeletal development, epiphyseal plate is also known as the future growth plate. While other structural and functional changes are taking place in bones of a developing embryo, the cartilages found at the end of this plates continue to grow thereby increasing the length of the bone. After the formation of fetal skeleton, the epiphysis remain at  the epiphyseal plate and is responsible for longitudinal growth of bones. After the birth of baby, the epiphyseal region undergo same development processes as the development processes observed before  birth. This process is known as secondary ossification and continue till adulthood.

Hence, option C is correct

The correct answer is dopaminergic neurotransmission in the four dopamine pathways.

Antipsychotics are divided into conventional antipsychotics and 2nd generation antipsychotics (SGA), based on their activity and affinity with specific neurotransmitter receptors. ESGs may offer some advantages, both in terms of slightly greater effectiveness (although recent evidence calls into question the advantage of ESG as a class) and in terms of less likelihood of involuntary movement disorders and related adverse effects. Currently, SGAs comprise about 95% of antipsychotics prescribed in the USA. However, the risk of metabolic syndrome (excess abdominal fat, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and hypertension) is greater with SGA than with conventional antipsychotics. Various antipsychotics from both classes can cause long QT syndrome and essentially increase the risk of fatal arrhythmias

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