Beginning in 1851 and continuing for three decades, federal bureaucrats developed a series of policies for the final solution to the “Indian problem.”
Using treaties, coercion, and military force, the government actively consolidated Native American societies.
Commissioner of Indian Affairs Luke Lea set forth the doctrine in 1851 by calling for the Indians’ “concentration, their domestication, and their incorporation.” Reservations came to be seen as instruments for the achievement of this goal.
In a new flurry of treaty making, the United States acquired millions of acres of Indian land and assigned the tribes to reservations on a portion of their former territory.
The reservation policy of the federal government was introduced in 1851 with a policy of Indian “concentration.”
The government “pressed tribes to sign treaties limiting the boundaries of their hunting grounds to ‘reservations’…where they would be taught to farm”
While the purported goal of the act was to protect Indians from the encroachment of Whites, in reality the Oklahoma reservations began to shrink as Whites moved west.
Many of the new Indian reservations were not amenable to traditional farming methods, leading to severe malnutrition. While the U. S. government promised many tribes a stipend in return for living on an Indian reservation, they did not always follow through.
It was an attempt by the US Congress to give land back to the Indian tribes. They authorized the creation of “reservations” in the area now known as Oklahoma.
it was repealed