What is epistemological scepticism?

8 Answers

  • epistemological skepticism, also known as (global skepticism) is the belief that we cannot know anything for certain. However this belief is self defeating, as the statement in itself implies knowledge.

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  • Define Sceptical

  • Scepticism is epistemological in nature to begin with–as are all methods of thinking. That is what epistemology is–the logic of a particular method of thinking.

    Epistemological scepticism is just scepticism.

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    What is epistemological scepticism?

  • I’ve got to agree with Sokrates. Descartes used scepticism as a methodological tool: doubt everything until you find something you can’t doubt and build up from there. Descartes thought knowledge possible and was searching for that knowledge. The Pyrrohonists “meant it man” they put forward scepticism as a result: you can know nothing. A “brain in a vat” is entirely unnecessary to the Pyrrohonian. The brain in a VAT presupposes a certain way of thinking (like logic and the use of counterexamples) the pyrrohonian doubts even those! About the only thing the Pyrrohonian beleives is that he shouldn’t believe anything. (Descartes presupposes reason). One of them got so wound up about the possbility of saying something false he stopped speaking and started just wagging his finger (Ayer quotes it in either “Problem of Knowledge” or “Philosophy in the 20th Century”.

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    The first type of skepticism suspends epistemological judgments, whereas Descartes’ skepticism is methodological and he does allow place for God or the existence of the “thinking thing” or soul. I would say that Descartes also distinguishes between the way of thinking and the way of being. Doubt functions in the first sense for Descartes, not the second sense.

  • In more plain language, “I know I don’t know and I doubt anyone else knows.” This begs the question, “What is ‘knowing’?”

    A more refined version is awareness that no knowing is absolutely Knowable or possible, save One Mind Soul-individuated Gnosis, Pure Ego as Rays of Light, God. This latter refined position is Self-evident to e.g. Plotinus, Husserl, and a few other philosophers, and a Truth-claim for able and interested students.

    “A Philosophy of Universality,” O. M. Aivanhov, and “The Path of Virtue,” Jonathan Murro, are examples of approaches to Plotinus, et al.

  • So, if one cannot know anything with certainty, then one cannot know all things with certainty. Therefore all things are possible.

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