What is its velocity at x=1m, 2m, and 3m?

A 600g particle moving along the x-axis experiences the force shown in the figure . The particle's velocity is 2.0 m/s at x= 0m .

What is its velocity at x=1m, 2m, and 3m?

I need to know how to do this along with the answer. Thank you! 🙂

2 Answers

  • The area under the graph gives the work done by the force (Integral[F.dx]). This gives the increase in kinetic energy, KE)

    Initial KE = mv^2/2 = 0.6x2^2/2 = 1.2J

    At 1m, Work total done = area up to 1m = 1 x (10+15)/2 = 12.5J

    New total KE = 1.2 + 12.5 = 13.7J

    From KE = mv^2/2, v = sqrt(2KE/m) = sqrt(2x13.7/0.6) = 6.8m/s

    At 2m, Work total done = area up to 2m = 2 x (15+ 5)/2 = 20J

    New total KE = 1.2 + 20 = 21.2J

    v = sqrt(2KE/m) = sqrt(2x21.2/0.6) = 8.4m/s

    At 3m - you can do it yourself, to make sure you understand the method. I get 8.9m/s

  • The "area" under a curve that has force as the y-axis and distance as the x-axis has units of energy.

    The energy involved in this problem is kinetic: (1/2)mv^2

    First, compute the original kinetic energy:

    (1/2) m v^2 = (1/2) (0.6 kg)(2^2) = 1.2 Joules of kinetic energy at x=0 (KE0)

    The "area" under the curve from x = 0 to x = 1m is 12.5 Newton*meters or 12.5 Joules

    IF the direction of force is the same as the direction of motion, then we just add the energies together to get a new kinetic energy:

    1.2 Joules + 12.5 Joules = 13.7 Joules of kinetic energy at x=1m (KE1)

    The "area" under the curve from x = 1m to x = 2m is 7.5 Newton*meters or 7.5 Joules

    so the kinetic energy is raised to:

    13.7 Joules + 7.5 Joules = 21.2 Joules of kinetic energy at x=2m (KE2)

    The "area" under the curve from x = 2m to x = 3m is 2.5 Newton*meters or 2.5 Joules

    so the kinetic energy is raised to:

    21.2 Joules + 2.5 Joules = 23.7 Joules of kinetic energy at x=3m (KE3)

    To convert these values of kinetic energy into speed, use:

    KE = (1/2) m v^2

    solving for v:

    v = square root of (2*KE / m) (Equation A)

    Since m = 0.6kg:

    v = square root of (2*KE / 0.6kg) (Equation B)

    Just plug in the values of KE1, KE2 and KE3 into Equation B to get the speeds:

    They should be 6.76 m/s, 8.41 m/s, and 8.89 m/s

    Please double check my calculations

    Source(s): Degree in physics

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