Which of the following provides the best analogy for an electron in an atomic orbital? a. a cow grazing in a pasture b. a bird resting on a tree branch c. an ant crawling on the surface of a leaf d. a bee hovering around a bee hive
The correct answer is D. A bee hovering around a beehive
Electrons are negatively charged, and they orbit the nucleus of atoms, where protons (positively charged) and neutrons (neutrally charged) are. Besides this, the difference in electric charge makes electrons to constantly orbit the nucleus, although these can still change their orbital (zone in which the electron orbits).
In this context, the best analogy for an electron is a bee hovering around a beehive because as electrons bees constantly orbit the beehive that represents the nucleus. Also, they can change their orbit or movement but will still orbit the beehive, and there is an attractive force between the bee and the beehive as it occurs between the electron and the nucleus.