Which of the following statements correctly describes
a function of the Golgi apparatus?
A. protein modification and sorting
B. synthesis of cytoplasmic proteins
C. detoxification of drugs
D. production of ribosomal subunits
AnswerAnswer: Which of the following statements correctly describes a function of the Golgi apparatus? 1. Protein modification and sorting Step by step explanation: 1. Protein modification and sorting: Role of golgi apparatus: Modification, sorting, storing, and exporting proteins synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum to various parts of the body. Hence, it is the correct choice. 2. Synthesis of cytoplasmic proteins: Proteins are formed by ribosomes in the cytoplasm and attached to the endoplasmic reticulum in the translation process. Hence, it is an incorrect choice. 3. Detoxification of drugs: Smooth endoplasmic reticulum present in liver cells of vertebrates performs detoxification of poisons and drugs. It consists of enzymes that catalyze reactions which can form lipid-soluble drugs and metabolic wastes into water-soluble resulting these can simply be removed from the body. To carry out such processes SER increases its surface area hence, detoxification can easily occur. Hence, it is an incorrect choice. 4. Production of ribosomal subunits: The production of ribosomes involves a major biosynthetic activity for cells. Eukaryotic small and large ribosomal subunits are arranged in the nucleolus and independently transferred to the cytoplasm. Hence, it is an incorrect choice.
Cisternac cis face (“rocelving” sido of Golgi apparatus) Transport vosicio from ER Looks like a stack of pancakes Stores, sorts, modifies and packages proteins Molecules transported to and from the Golgi by means of vesicles Now vosicio forming trans face (“shipping” side of Golgi apparatus) Transport vosicle from the Golgi